Believe it or not, clothing and textiles have been a part of UNCG’s history since its beginning in 1892. Its first president, Charles McIver, thought that women needed to be educated not only for teaching or business but also for their inevitable task of homemaking. Therefore, all students were required to complete courses in foods and clothing along with liberal arts. By 1904, students could major in Domestic Arts, which was clothing and textiles. In these early years, the clothing and textiles curricula included sewing, design, textiles, color, textile manufacturing, historic textiles, and millinery.
In 1917, the Department/School of Home Economics was established and the college was renamed The North Carolina College for Women. From 1917 to 1936, the Department was called Clothing and Textiles and Housing. In the 1920s considerable building took place on the campus. The Home Management House on McIver Street was completed in 1922 and the Home Economics Building in 1928. The first Bachelor of Science Degree in Home Economics was conferred in 1922, the first Master of Science Degree in 1928.
By 1931, the North Carolina Legislature consolidated the three state-supported institutions (North Carolina State University, UNC Chapel Hill, and NC College for Women) into one system: The University of North Carolina. In the consolidation plans, Home Economics was to be moved to the Chapel Hill campus, but Greensboro refused. Home Economics remained at Greensboro and the University became popularly known as “WC” or formally as The Woman’s College of The University of North Carolina. Between 1936 and 1972, the Department was referred to as the Area of Clothing and Textiles.
The curriculum in the Department/School expanded to reflect changing needs of individuals and families. Federal legislation provided funds to assist with the education of teachers and extension agents. In the 1930s, the School included seven different areas of study, one of which was clothing and textiles. The clothing curriculum then included courses in clothing selection and construction, pattern study, textile analysis, economics of textiles, and history of both textiles and costume. In 1937, two faculty donated specimens of textiles and laces, which established the Costume Collection.
The School of Home Economics was formed by reorganization of the College of Arts and Sciences in 1949 and areas were departmentalized. In 1952, a new building was completed and the 1928 building became a wing. It was not until 1957 that the new building was named the Mary Frances Stone Building. By the 1960s, more graduate education led to the establishment of the doctoral degree in Home Economics. During this decade, the focus of Clothing and Textiles changed to include greater emphasis on textiles. The 1950-60s was the era of expansion for synthetic fibers with focus on fiber performance, finishes and modification, appropriate end use, and consumers’ selection and care of garments. The local textile industry was supportive in assisting with textile-testing equipment and funding. Burlington Industries funded an Excellence Professorship in Textiles in 1960, and in 1970 Fieldcrest, Inc. funded a student internship for a student with junior class standing.
In 1975, Clothing and Textiles became a department once again and emphasized fashion merchandising in addition to textile science and apparel arts. The first supervised internships and industry advisory board were established in 1984. International contacts grew through faculty travel and foreign students pursuing graduate study. In 1989, the first endowed Distinguished Professorship was created in honor of Charles A. Hayes, CEO of Guilford Mills.
In 1990, the Department underwent a major curriculum revision. Two concentrations were established at the undergraduate level, Textile Products Design and Textile Products Marketing. In 1995, the American Textile Manufacturers’ Institute (ATMI) selected the Department for the Award of Excellence. ATMI cited the department for a strong academic program, the faculty’s outstanding work with industry, and an active industry advisory board. By 1997, the administration approved the plans for a revised doctoral program. A doctoral fellowship was established by Dr. Nancy Sears, a graduate of the program. In 1997, a name change was approved: Department of Textile Products Design and Marketing (TDM). The Textile Products Design (now Apparel Design) concentration met the educational competencies and laboratory requirements of the American Apparel Manufacturers’ Association in 1998, 2003 and again in 2008 and 2012.
As the textiles and apparel industries moved off shore, the department’s curriculum again underwent a major revision. Upon the advice of the Industry Advisory Board and with the approval of the administration, the department’s name was changed in January 2005 to Consumer, Apparel, and Retail Studies with two concentrations: Apparel Product Design and Retailing and Consumer Studies. In 2008, a third undergraduate concentration, Global Apparel and Related Industry Studies, was approved, resulting in the department maintaining its focus on textile and apparel products but broadening its understanding of the consumer and preparing students for global careers.